Top Reasons Why Farmers That Use Sprinkler Systems Succeed

The ultimate challenge in crop irrigation management is to obtain system’s efficiency and uniform water application while securing natural resources, which is water and soil. As a matter of fact, there are no similar sprinkler irrigation systems; some may be more efficient and some are less. Nonetheless, the efficiency totally depends on the conditions in which irrigation systems are installed like the type of soil and crop, slope and field size, and the weather conditions in the given location as well.  

 Sprinkler Systems

When help is needed farmers should be quick to call a qualified sprinkler service company to resolve any problems.   

What Consists a Sprinkler Irrigation System? 

All sprinkler irrigation system makes up the following components: 

  • Control head – It maintains pressure and water demand in the system.
  • Primary and sub-primary lines – They are temporary or permanent pipes that deliver water from the source to the laterals.
  • Pumping source – It is a centrifugal pump that takes water and gives enough pressure in order to deliver adequate water into the pipe system.
  • Accessories – They can be risers, couplers, valves and pressure regulators.
  • Sprinklers or emitters – They are devices that supply water through the soil or the air and deliver it to the crops.
  • Laterals – They are portable pipes that distribute water from the primary or sub-primary lines to the sprinklers.

The primary goal of the sprinkler irrigation system is to apply uniform water distribution to crop root zones. Therefore, the farmer has to pay good attention to 3 factors in order for the irrigation management to succeed. 

The 3 factors are the emitter drop size, application rate and wetting patterns that all differ on the operational performance and the sprinkler type. 

 Wetting Pattern 

Irrigation Sprinkler system run under certain pressure of water and display a wetting pattern. In order to obtain uniform wetting pattern on crop root zone, lots of sprinklers should be installed together so that their patterns overlap. Having said that, the overlap must be 65% at least of the wetted diameter. Also, this determines the utmost spacing between the sprinklers. There are added factors that affect the operation of sprinklers like wind conditions, soil intake rate, water quality, flow-rate and crop spacing.  

 Application Rate 

It is the usual rate at which the water is provided to the crops. However, it mostly depends on the distance between sprinklers, the operating pressure and the sprinkler nozzle size.  

It plays a very important part in selecting of the sprinkler irrigation system. The normal water application rate must be lesser than the normal soil infiltration rate or else, the soil would not absorb the applied water, thus, runoff will occur.  

Emitter (Sprinkler) Drop Size 

As water sprinkles from the emitter, it breaks into very tiny drops. This drop size is being controlled by nozzle type and pressure. Larger drops are created by low pressure which affect soil and crops. Also, nozzle type determines the water distribution pattern and flow-rate. 

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How to Maintain a Healthy Landscape

Most commercial and residential property owners utilize excessive amounts of water in order to keep their landscape and grass fresh and green, which actually costs them a lot of money than necessary. Aside from that, watering systems are also far more efficient compared to other forms of watering. This means no green turf missing patches or watering sidewalks. Perfect green grass in your yard and garden, just like in gardens of most popular and visited Koh Samui villas. A sprinkler irrigation will also put the certain amount of water in specific areas, exactly when it’s needed. 

 Lawn Irrigation 

Furthermore, when you use a sprinkler irrigation system, chances are you get the consistency and balance, which hoses, as well as moveable sprinklers, cannot. We all know that your lawn is your own reflection, which is why it’s best that you put in a reliable watering system in your lawn as well as let it shine.  

Benefits of Sprinkler Irrigation Systems 

A good sprinkler installation can help a lot in transforming your grass into a beautiful, green and healthy lawn that you always wanted. Actually, lawn sprinkler irrigation systems are considered as the most efficient and effective way in order to make sure that your yard will get the right hydration it really needs without over watering it. Here are some of the advantages of using sprinkler irrigation systems for your lawn, landscape, or yard: 

  1. Save Money

The advantages you can get from an irrigation sprinkler system will certainly outweigh its initial cost. Certainly, using a sprinkler irrigation system can pay for itself much sooner than you think since you can be able to use the system efficiently and effectively.  

  1. Save Time

Sprinkler irrigation systems can effectively work on their own, which means there will be no wasting time anymore by manually watering a lawn or yard. Because of that, you’ll now be able to have a lot of time in order to do all the things that you like, while your lawn or yard gets the right amount of water in order to survive. 

  1. Save Water

When you choose to install a sprinkler irrigation system, you can surely conserve water while maintaining a lush and healthy landscape or lawn at the same time.  

  1. Overall Water Management

For the best water management, good sprinkler maintenance is critical.  A lot of residential and commercial property owners tend to use highly excessive water in order to keep their landscape and turf fresh and green. As a matter of fact, this can cost you a lot than is necessary. Through learning to properly water your landscape or lawn with the help of a dependable sprinkler irrigation system, you can surely be able to control your water consumption.  

Because of that, you can then conserve water while still getting the beautiful lawn or landscape that you want. In order to make sure that you will surely have a reliable sprinkler irrigation system for your commercial or residential property landscape, it is highly recommended by experts in this field that you only ask help from a professional, knowledgeable and totally experienced sprinkler service provider in your area. Definitely, they are the ones that can truly help you in this matter. 

 

 

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Irrigation for Gardens and Lawns

Two common types of irrigation systems are suited for a home landscape: drip (or trickle) irrigation and sprinkler irrigation. Many kinds of sprinklers are available, if properly selected, can be suitable to cover almost all areas. As a matter of fact, sprinklers are actually the most excellent option for turf areas. On the other hand, drip (trickle) irrigation has been rising in popularity these past years and is very applicable for watering individual plants like trees as well as shrubs and can also work very well for vegetable or ornamental gardens. In addition to that, some drip irrigation also works well with series of crops grown in your garden. 

Sprinkler Heads

Irrigation System Planning 

An irrigation system can be as easy as a water hose connected to a sprinkler, or it can be as difficult as an underground pipeline system with automatic controls and multiple circuits. This publication deals mainly with more complicated systems however, most of this information may be applied to any garden or lawn irrigation system. 

A very systematic design method is not always simple. A lot of factors are included with sprinkler irrigation systems most especially the number and types of sprinklers should match the volume capacity and the pressure of the water supply. In addition, the application rates from drip emitters and sprinklers must also be low enough in order to avoid any excess runoff from the surface of the soil but rather high enough to achieve water requirements of crops. Choosing the best emitters and/or sprinklers and spacing for a certain system may be a trial and error procedure. Many factors should be known before planning a lawn irrigation system: 

  1. Shape of the area
  2. Water source
  3. Irrigation requirements of targeted plants or crops
  4. Soil type (soil water holding capacity/intake capacity)

5.Operational requirements (automatic or manual controls, hours per day, and many more) 

Sometimes, the water supply is already present and the irrigation system should be designed with the volume and pressure limitations in mind. In some cases, the requirements for water source will be decided from the water supply and irrigation design to be installed properly. At any rate, you should consider all the factors in planning an effective lawn irrigation system. 

This publication gives basic data for designing most garden or lawn irrigation systems and for choosing the most ideal type of system for a certain situation.  

This publication can’t answer every question which may arise concerning garden and lawn irrigation systems. For example, water requirements for certain plants and crops have intentionally been omitted. 

Kinds of Sprinklers 

Spray heads and rotary sprinklers are the most common kinds of sprinklers used in gardens and lawns. Both are designed for certain applications and have specific operating characteristics. 

Rotary sprinklers usually operate at extremely high pressures and cover large areas. They have an hourly application rate of 0.2 and 0.5 inches. Rotary sprinklers can also be used with fast coupling valves which allows movement of the sprinklers from one area to another or mounted on permanent risers. To know more about the kinds of sprinklers, make sure to contact a reliable sprinkler irrigation system service provider. 

 

 

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